Gods, Heroes, and Monsters: Greece and Rome

The civilization of Ancient Greece spanned from the Archaic period (8th to 6th centuries BCE) to the end of Antiquity (600 AD). Most people are familiar with the Ancient Greeks through an affinity with mythology stories, such as those told by Homer in the Iliad. The line between mythology and historical events are blurry and often the two intertwine. Often, human heroes are embellished with god-like powers and are depicted as either demi-gods or full-fledged gods honored with a spot in the Pantheon. By analyzing these heroic figures, we gain an understanding of the values of the cultures that worshipped these gods and heroes. These archetypes and stories have remained relevant for centuries. We still find entertainment and knowledge in the stories of these ancient heroes and gods. When the Romans took control of the Greek peninsula in 146 BCE, the Romans adopted the Greek pantheon and added their own names and titles to the classic Greek gods.

 

Introduction composed by all members of the Greece and Rome exhibition group.

Marble sculpture of a female figure standing next to an architectural feature with snakes crawling upwards. Her right arm is missing due to damage.

Apollo: God of music, poetry, art, oracles, archery, plague, medicine, sun, light and knowledge

Apollo :God of music, poetry, art, oracles, archery, plague, medicine, sun, light and knowledge Apollo, a deity of many functions ...
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Bronze sculpture of a woman in a dress holding small owl.

Athena: Goddess of Wisdom

Athena (Minerva to the Romans) was the goddess of reason, wisdom, handicrafts, and war. She was also the guardian of ...
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Marble sarcophagus with reliefs of humans, animals, and foliage.

Ariadne

According to Greek mythology, Ariadne was the daughter of Minos, king of Crete, and his wife Pasiphae. Minos was charged ...
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Black sculpture of Theseus slaying a minotaur.

The Minotaur in Ancient Greece

The Minotaur was born from a mortal but he was not a man. The name stems from the Greek name ...
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A silver coin depicting Julius Caesar.

Myth as Propaganda-Roman Venus

The Goddess known to the Romans as Venus was originally a minor goddess of fertility in the Italian peninsula. Scholars ...
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Illustration of a seated male figure with drapery.

Ares

Ares, son of Zeus and Hera, is god of warfare. In the Roman pantheon, he is known as Mars. He ...
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Black vase with tan figures of humans, animals, and geometric details.

Artemis and Diana: The Goddess of the Hunt

Artemis (Diana in Roman mythology) was the virgin goddess of the hunt, wild animals, chastity, the moon, and childbirth (to ...
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